Setup Wallpaper on Ubuntu using Ansible
Today, In this article we will setup the Gnome Desktop setting using Ansible Playbook.
1) Setting up inventory file for remote hosts.
For the inventory, I created a file hosts and filled it with following content details.
/etc/ansible# cat hosts server1 ansible_host=172.16.1.1 ansible_user=gaurav ansible_ssh_pass=123 ansible_connection=ssh server2 ansible_host=172.16.1.3 ansible_user=gaurav ansible_ssh_pass=123 ansible_connection=ssh server3 ansible_host=172.16.1.1 ansible_user=gaurav ansible_ssh_pass=123 ansible_connection=ssh [remoteservers] server1 server2 server3
2) Script to change the wallpaper on remote machine.
This script changes the wallpaper from a given directory on remote systems.
#! /bin/bash DOLUSER="gaurav" SRC_URI="http://getwallpapers.com/wallpaper/full/6/f/2/724421-amazing-ubuntu-wallpaper-hd-2560x1600-for-samsung.jpg" FNAME="/home/$DOLUSER/Pictures/black.jpg" wget "$SRC_URI" -O "$FNAME" DNAME='file:///home/'$DOLUSER'/Pictures/black.jpg' PID=$(pgrep gnome-session) export DBUS_SESSION_BUS_ADDRESS=$(grep -z DBUS_SESSION_BUS_ADDRESS /proc/$PID/environ|cut -d= -f2-) sleep 5 /usr/bin/gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.background picture-uri $DNAME
3) Setting up playbook.
In third step I created the playbook (i.e playbook.yaml) and add hosts (ansible run this playbook for all available hosts).
I set ‘become’ to true to activate privilege escalation and use ‘become_method’ as a sudo (In our case ‘gaurav’ is the sudo user).
- name: 'Change Wallpaper on Gnome Desktop's using Ansible' hosts: remoteservers become: True become_method: sudo tasks: - name: 'create a directory for Wallpaper' file: path: /home/gaurav/Pictures/.wallpaper/ state: directory owner: gaurav group: gaurav mode: '0775' - name: 'Copy wallpaper to remote systems' copy: src: /etc/ansible/playbook/wallpaperscript.sh dest: /home/gaurav/Pictures/.wallpaper/ owner: gaurav group: gaurav mode: '0777' - name: 'Change wallpaper on remote system' cron: name: 'wallpaper change' minute: "*" hour: "*/3" day: "*" month: "*" weekday: "*" job: /home/gaurav/Pictures/.wallpaper/wallpaperscript.sh user: gaurav state: present tags: - cronjobs become: False
In this playbook, First copy the script i.e “wallpaperscript.sh” to “/home/gaurav/Pictures/.wallpaper/” directory on remote servers and set the cron that will execute every 3 hours on remote system.
3) Execute the playbook.
Execute the playbook in ansible server using below command.
[email protected]:/etc/ansible/playbook# ansible-playbook playbook.yaml --ask-become-pass
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